Time : 2023-09-14
Ultrasound examination has many unique advantages in the diagnosis and evaluation of digestive system diseases. This article will discuss the application of ultrasonic examination in digestive system diseases and introduce its principles, examination methods and clinical value.
Ultrasound examination uses the characteristics of ultrasonic waves to emit ultrasonic waves into the human body through a probe, and then receives the echo signals and converts them into images for display. When ultrasound propagates through the tissues and organs in the digestive system, it will interact with the density, reflection, absorption and other characteristics of the tissue to produce different echo signals. By analyzing these echo signals, doctors can obtain detailed structural information about the digestive system.
1. Diagnosis of abdominal organ lesions: Ultrasound examination can evaluate the shape, size, location and structure of digestive system organs, such as liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, gastrointestinal tract, etc. It can help doctors detect abnormalities such as suspected masses, cysts, inflammation and stones for further diagnosis and treatment planning.
2. Assessment of liver diseases: Ultrasound examination can detect liver diseases, such as fatty liver, cirrhosis, hepatic hemangioma and liver cancer. It can assess the size, shape and blood flow of the liver and guide needle biopsy or interventional treatment.
3. Diagnosis of gallbladder and biliary tract diseases: Ultrasound examination is the preferred method for detecting gallbladder stones, gallbladder inflammation, and biliary obstruction. It can observe indicators such as stones, cholestasis, and wall thickness inside the gallbladder, and help doctors evaluate the function and abnormalities of the gallbladder and biliary tract.
4. Differential diagnosis of pancreatic diseases: Ultrasound examination is of great value in the differential diagnosis of diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cysts and pancreatic cancer. It can show the size, shape and internal structure of the pancreas, identify abnormal changes, and help doctors develop treatment plans.
5. Assessment of abdominal vascular lesions: Ultrasound examination can evaluate abdominal vascular lesions, such as aneurysms, thrombi, and vascular stenosis. It can observe the blood flow velocity, blood flow direction and abnormal changes in the blood vessel wall, providing an important basis for the diagnosis and treatment of vascular lesions.
Ultrasound examination is widely used and of great value in digestive system diseases. It is a non-invasive, safe and reliable examination technology that can provide rich anatomical and functional information to help doctors accurately diagnose and evaluate digestive system diseases. With the advancement and continuous optimization of technology, ultrasound examination will continue to play an important role in the field of digestive system and provide better medical services for patients' health.